Volume 10, Issue 1 (4-2017)                   ijme 2017, 10(1): 243-257 | Back to browse issues page

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Mardani A, Nakhoda M, Shamsi Goshki E, Noruzi A. Reported causal factors for research misconducts in Iranian research. ijme. 2017; 10 (1) :243-257
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5948-en.html
1- Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2- Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran , mnakhoda@ut.ac.ir
3- Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1044 Views)
Substantial concerns about the research integrity in Iran have caused research misconducts to be issue for studies. But adequate recognition about causal factors is a necessary part of clear and explicit policy in order to manage the research misconducts and supply the research integrity. This study attempted investigating the available evidence on the reported research misconducts in the Iranian research and its causal factors. Therefore, 30 studies on the Iranian research misconducts were studied. The detected factors to research misconducts based on the reported evidence included: 1. Structural factors such as publication pressure, scientific promotion policies, research funding and job preservation; 2. Organizational factors such as research environment, regulatory-control activities on research and teaching research activities; 3. Personal factors such as research skills, degree orientation, financial benefits, understanding and moral judgment. The analytical model of causal factors was designed. Therewith, cultural and situational factors have received less attention in the literature and they have major focus on the obvious types of research misconduct (data fabrication, Falsification and Plagiarism), especially plagiarism.
Full-Text [PDF 3742 kb]   (379 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: اخلاق پزشکی
Received: 2017/11/5 | Accepted: 2018/02/27 | Published: 2018/03/17

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