| Post date: 2021/08/29 | 
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Manuscripts must be submitted only in Persian with English abstracts and should be written according to sound gram­mar and proper terminology.  Manuscripts submitted for publication should describe original work, not previ­ously published else­where, totally or partially. The submitted manuscript should be accompanied by a written statement signed with all its authors that the manuscript in whole or in part has not and will not be published in or submitted to any other journal (Cover Letter).
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Preparing your manuscript
Manuscripts must be submitted only in Persian with English abstracts. Microsoft Word Format (.doc or .docx files) is preferred for the manuscripts. Main texts must be typewritten double-spaced, with medium margins. The body of the manuscripts should be prepared in the following order: Title page; Abstract; Introduction; Material and Method; Result; Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgment; Conflict of interest; Reference.
1. Title page: Full title page should include the complete title of the manuscript, the name of all authors with their department or institution, the school and university to which they are affiliated, city and country, address for correspondence with postal code, telephone numbers, and e-mail.
2. Abstract: The Abstract of the manuscript should not exceed 250 words and must be unstructured. The abstract must be completely self-explanatory included brief description of background and objectives of the research, materials and methods, the experiments (including species, tissue, procedures, etc.), main results, and finally, conclusion(s). Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. Three to 6 key words must be written at the end of abstract. Use terms from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of index medicus: (
3. Introduction: The introduction should assume that the reader is knowledgeable in the field and should therefore be as brief as possible. State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale for the study or observation. Give only strictly pertinent references and do not include data or conclusion from the work being reported. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study.
4. Material and Method: This should include exact method or observation or experiment. If the method is established, give reference but if the method is new, give enough information so that another author is able to perform it. Statistical method must be mentioned and specify any general computer program used. The Info system used should be clearly mentioned. Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section. Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project.
5. Result: It must be presented in the form of text, tables and illustrations. The contents of the tables should not be all repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table number may be given. Long articles may need sub-headings within some sections (especially the Results and Discussion parts) to clarify their contents.
5-1. Figures
  • Figures should be high quality (1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for colour, at the correct size).
  • Figures should be numbered in the order they are first mentioned in the text, and uploaded in this order.
  • Figures should be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Figures should be provided in JPEG format.
  • Figure titles (max 15 words) and legends (max 300 words) should be provided in the main manuscript, not in the graphic file.
  • Please note that it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures (or tables) that have previously been published elsewhere. In order for all figures to be open access, authors must have permission from the rights holder if they wish to include images that have been published elsewhere in non open access journals. Permission should be indicated in the figure legend, and the original source included in the reference list.
5-2. Tables
  • Tables should present new information rather than duplicating what is in the text. Readers should be able to interpret the table without reference to the text.
  • Tables should be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • Tables should be numbered and cited in the text in sequence using Arabic numerals (i.e. Table 1, Table 2 etc.).
  • Table titles (max 15 words) should be included above the table, and legends (max 300 words) should be included underneath the table.
  • Table should be placed explanatory matters in footnotes, not in the heading.
  • Tables should not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files, but should be formatted using ‘Table object’ function in your word processing program.
  • Color and shading may not be used. Parts of the table can be highlighted using superscript, numbering, lettering, symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in a table legend.
6. Discussion: This should emphasize the present findings and the variations or similarities with other work done in the field by other workers. The detailed data should not be repeated in the discussion again and emphasized the new and important aspects of the study.
7. Conclusion: Author(s) are recommended to provide conclusions summarizing the main paper in the end of discussion. Ensure that extrapolations are reasonable and that conclusions are justified by the data presented and indicate if the study design can be generalized to a broader study population.
8. Key Messages: Write down 3 to 5 key messages for your manuscript. Write them in a bullet list, each one in a sentence. Through your key messages say why your manuscript is important, what the study adds to previous knowledge, and what its implementations are.
9. Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be covered in the acknowledgement section. It should include persons who provided technical help, writing assistance and departmental head who only provided general support. Financial and material support should also be acknowledged.
10. Conflict of interest: Authors must acknowledge and declare any sources of funding and potential conflicting interest, such as receiving funds or fees by, or holding stocks and shares in, an organization that may profit or lose through publication of your paper. Declaring a competing interest will not lead to automatic rejection of the paper, but we like to be made aware of it.
11. Reference: The authors are responsible for the accuracy of the bibliographic information provided. References should be typed, double-spaced, and separate from the text and numbered consecutively in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. Mark reference citations by numbers in parentheses. References cited in figures and tables, but not in the text, should be numbered consecutively following the text references. Abbreviations of journals should conform to those used in Index Medicus, National Library of Medicine. The references should observe the following style:
1. Vimala N, Mittal S, Kumar S. Sublingual misoprostol versus oxytocin infusion to reduce blood loss at cesarean section. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2006; 92(2):106-10.
2. Patted SS, Goudar SS, Naik VA, Bellad MB, Edlavitch SA, Kodkany BS, et al. Side effects of oral misoprostol for the prevention of postpartum hemorrhage: results of a community-based randomised controlled trial in rural India. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2009; 22(1): 24-8.
3. Basmajian JV. Grant’s Method of Anatomy. 11th ed. Baltimore: Williams Wilkins; 1989. p. 63-66.
4. Goadsby PJ. Pathophysiology of headache. In: Silberstein SD, Lipton RB, Dalessio DJ, eds. Wolff's headache and other head pain. 7th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001: 57-72.
5. U.S. positions on selected issues at the third negotiating session of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Washington, D.C.: Committee on Government Reform, 2002. (Accessed on: 2002, at

Type of the Articles

This journal accepts the following article types:
  • Original article: This article type includes empirical and theoretical research articles. Quantitative or qualitative empirical research articles must follow the established structure (literature review, methodology, findings, discussion, and conclusion). Theoretical and analytic articles comprise of a thorough, moral critique of a policy, practice, or law, or suggestions and recommendations on tackling the well-known moral challenges of healthcare and follow the structure of introduction, discussion, and conclusion. (3000-4000 words)
  • Review article: This category of articles offers a comprehensive review of literature in order to respond to a particular question. Systematic review articles must be organized in the established format of empirical research articles (literature review, methodology, discussion, and conclusion). (3000-5000)
  • Instructive experience: Instructive experience represents a brief report on instructive experience in clinical ethics implementation or teaching medical ethics which could be helpful for the audience as it highlights the use of novel methods. Its structure consists of introduction, experience, evaluation, and conclusion sections. (1000-2500)
  • Case report: case reports foreground an instructive moral point by describing a clinical case consisting a moral dilemma along with its ethical analysis. (1000-2500 words)
  • Commentary: Commentaries provide authors’ perspective on a contemporary moral issue in the healthcare. (1000-2000 words)
  • Letter to the editor: letters to the editor set forth the author(s)'s views on the previously published material. (500-1500 words)
  • Book review: Book reviews describe, critique, or recommend a new book. (500-1500 words)

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