Volume 5, Issue 7 (29 2013)                   IJMEHM 2013, 5(7): 1-14 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Healthcare Managemant, School of Allied Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hdargahi@sina.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (19404 Views)

Political behaviors are a group of practices that are not essential in organizations, but can impact organizational resources and their reward systems. Employees and managers try to demonstrate political behavior to gain power. Today, most organizational behavior researchers have focused on the perception of political behaviors and how these behaviors are presented with regard to ethical considerations. Therefore, this review is aimed to study the goals, reasons, outcomes, and morality or immorality of political behaviors and power in organizations. The current paper is the result of a literature review that was conducted by using Medline, Ovid, Elsevier, Google, Pub Med, Scopus, Springer, and Cochran library search engines and through selection of 5 key words and 110 references out of which 41 references were ultimately chosen. Most political behaviors are the consequences of employees' personal differences and organizational specifications. Some employees follow moral political behaviors and the rest prefer immoral ones, although it seems difficult to establish which political behaviors are moral and which ones are not. We believe that political behaviors that are based on ethical considerations should be consistent with organizational interests. Seeing as political behaviors are a fundamental component of organizational conduct, they cannot be eliminated therefore, managers should believe in the political nature of their organizations and determine their political strategies and try to employ these strategies to the advantage of their organizations.

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Type of Study: Research |
Accepted: 2013/06/18 | Published: 2013/10/28

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