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Asgari Z, Heidari M H, Barkhordari R, Esteki B. Examining the Implications of Biomedical and Humanistic Philosophy on Medical Education. IJMEHM 2018; 11 :266-277
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6023-en.html
1- PhD Candidate of Philosophy of Education, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
2- Faculity Member, Department of Educational Sciences, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
3- PhD Candidate of Philosophy of Education, Kharazmi University,Tehran, Iran
4- Faculity Member, Department of children, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (3612 Views)
Medical Philosophy is essential part of medical ethics and history. I has long history and owes its current status to developments resulted by historical, philosophical, social, and cultural experiences. The most important reflection of its revolution is its influence on the goals and missions of higher education in different time periods. In this study, two of the most important philosophical perspectives towards the medical education are compared with the aim of investigating possibilities and limits of each perspective in general education, specialized education, and treatment. The descriptive-analytical method is used for this comparison. These two perspectives are: 1) biomedical philosophy, which is based solely on human biological mechanisms, and 2) humanistic philosophy, which is based on the integrity of the human being. The results of this study show that medical education from the perspective of the biomedical philosophy focuses on specialized education, and treatment from this perspective is performed in the form of a patriarchal relationship. Whereas, from the humanistic perspective, general education is based on the integrity of the human being (including biological, psychological, and ontological) together with the specialized education. Treatment in this approach is achieved through a collaborative relationship between the physician and the patient.

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Type of Study: Review |
Received: 2018/06/12 | Accepted: 2019/01/12 | Published: 2018/04/15

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