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Gharedaghi M, Dustzadeh G. The Role of Abbasid Caliphs in Transferring Doctors from the Bakhtiasha Family to Baghdad. IJMEHM 2018; 11 :206-219
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6006-en.html
1- Faculty Member Department of History, Islamic Azad University, Shabestar Branch, Shabestar, Iran
2- PhD student of Post- Islam Iran History, University of Khwarizm, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4037 Views)
Gandhi Shapur was one of the largest medical centers in the late Sassanid and early Islamic schools in Baghdad. The doctors, who often had a field teaching at Gandhi Shapur, moved to the city during their transfer to Baghdad, and accordingly they gave a kind of scientific center to the capital of the new Islamic government. Among the doctors of this scientific center was the Bakhtiyad dynasty, which in this study we explored the role of this family in medicine. The study shows that Jundishapur University hosted a large number of Greek, Indian, Nestorian scholars and scholars working at the center, and the head of the Faculty of Medicine was led by the Bakhtiyad family. The desire of the Abbasid caliphs to boost the city of Baghdad such as the Sassanid Centers of Science and Technology, and their success in that area, were the factors that invited the scientists from Jindi Shapur and the caliphate support from them. The transfer of scientific activities of Ajar George Bin Bakhtih from Jindi Shapur to Baghdad was an introduction to the decline of the scientific star of this center and the influence of Iranian culture on Islam. Several factors such as the scientific need, attention and support of caliphs from scientists and conversion of the city of Baghdad to the center of the sciences were the causes for invitation of the Bakhtiyad family to Baghdad. In this study, we assess the activities of the Bakhtiyad family in  the government of Abbasid caliphs.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: History of Medicine
Received: 2018/05/2 | Accepted: 2018/12/10 | Published: 2018/04/15

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