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Rasekh M, Ghaffari S, Milanifar A, Yaghmaie F, Ameri F, Boroomand S. “As Infertile” Couples and Iranian Legal System: A Theoretical and Comparative Study. IJMEHM 2018; 11 :341-352
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5999-en.html
1- Professor of Law and Philosophy and Head of Bio Law and Ethics Department, Shahid-Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2- Reproductive Biotechnology Research Center, Avicenna Research Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3563 Views)
Development of new methods of treatments for infertility has given rise to a serious question as to the access to such methods. Determination of the ones who can access the mentioned treatments and the limits of this access, depends to the definition of infertility. The Law of the method for Embryo Donation to Infertile Couples according to Iranian legislature considers the infertile couple who “cannot reproduce in accordance with credible medical certificate” as eligible to receive the donated embryo. However, applicants for modern infertility treatment methods have gone beyond infertile couples and include those couples who wish, based on credible medical evidence, to avoid having unhealthy children, especially by using donation methods or surrogacy. Accordingly, having supported a preventive approach to ARTs, a new concept of infertility will appear on the horizon. Expanding this concept to couples who are considered fertile from a common medical perspective but give birth to seriously unhealthy children shall inevitably lead us to revise the common legal concept of infertility. Therefore, by resorting to ethical reasoning, laws, and regulations of various legal systems and Fiqhi opinions we can develop another interpretation of Embryo Donation Law and argue for the access of the “perceived as infertile” couples to the infertility treatment with the help of third parties.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Medical Ethics
Received: 2018/04/11 | Accepted: 2019/01/12 | Published: 2018/04/15

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