Volume 9, Issue 2 (8-2016)                   ijme 2016, 9(2): 23-37 | Back to browse issues page

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Saeedi Tehrani S, Parsapour A, Larijani B. Ethical considerations of genetic engineering in genetically modified organisms. ijme. 2016; 9 (2) :23-37
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5761-en.html
1- Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, and Department of Medical Ethics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; , s.saeeditehrani@yahoo.com
2- Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, and Department of Medical Ethics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran;
Abstract:   (6105 Views)

Genetic research was initially limited to the screening and diagnosis of known hereditary diseases. After the completion of the Human Genome Project (HGP), studies became concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of many non-communicable diseases threatening the public health. Aside from this, genetic engineering, in its new form, is also concerned with the development of recombinant medications, genetic enhancement, and genetically modified organisms and their applications. The climax of these achievements is the advent of transgenic creatures. These are organisms with a genetic makeup different from their natural one created through biotechnology. Transgenic products have become more popular in recent years, especially in agriculture and livestock sectors. At the same time, genetics and biotechnology are trying to keep pace with modern advancements. Genetic modifications have resulted in larger yields in agriculture and livestock as well as the development of new medications and vaccines. Despite the large profits that genetic engineering and transgenic organisms can bring for us, they may pose dangers in certain fields. Furthermore, there are ethical concerns about the application of these technologies.

The present study attempted to address the ethical issues in new genetic technologies and analyze them with regard to the four principles of bioethics. For this purpose, keywords were first looked up in scientific sources and the data were classified; ethical considerations were then analyzed in the light of the four principles of bioethics.

In the results section first the merits of such products for humanity and their contributions to saving the limited available resources are pointed out; subsequently, potential threats in some fields are addressed, along with considerations about the mass production and consumption of genetically engineered products, autonomy of individuals, the importance of raising awareness about the pros and cons of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and their labeling. Finally, equity is addressed, and general benefits and harms, costs and effectiveness are discussed.

Full-Text [PDF 413 kb]   (1736 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: Bioethics
Received: 2016/06/9 | Accepted: 2016/07/26 | Published: 2016/08/6

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