Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2015)                   ijme 2015, 8(3): 87-97 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheykh Talimi M, Shariati Nasab S, Omani Samani R. Comparative study on medical confidentiality in sexually transmitted diseases. ijme. 2015; 8 (3) :87-97
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5591-en.html
1- MA in Criminal Law and Criminology Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran;
2- Research Supervisor Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran
3- Medical Ethics PhD Candidate Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, and Assistant professor, Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran. , r.samani@gmail.com
Abstract:   (4045 Views)

Confidentiality has long been protected in criminal law as an important ethical principle. With regard to the issue of sexually transmitted diseases, however, health care providers are faced with certain challenges. On the one hand, it is their obligation and duty to respect patient confidentiality, and on the other hand, the possibility of transmission of infection to sexual partners is a rather significant phenomenon. Therefore, health care providers have a crucial role in terms of the conflict of interests and legal duties with respect to sexually transmitted diseases.Medical mandatory reporting to state authorities accompanied by personally identifiable information of the infected person is another controversial issue in the field of confidentiality, which will be discussed in this article by studying various trends in statutes and precedents. It seems that throughout the world, there are two major trends in this respect: in some states, principles of confidentiality are observed even if the patient is infected by sexually transmitted diseases, unless it is inevitable for the safety of third parties such as sexual partners in a narrow implementation of Acts. States like Iran, France and Thailand are examples of such governments. In some countries, however, partner notification and compulsory notification by personally identifiable information of patients are mandatory for epidemiologic reasons. The United States, Australia and Ukraine are some of the countries that fall within this category. In Iranian legal system, the duty to respect confidentiality is emphasized and partner notification cannot be considered as a legal duty and therefore it is not legally permitted. Merely in emergency condition and under a narrow interpretation of law and by resort to patients informed consent, necessity and explicit law permission, breaching of confidentiality is justified.

Full-Text [PDF 343 kb]   (1472 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: اخلاق پزشکی
Received: 2015/08/18 | Accepted: 2015/09/21 | Published: 2015/09/21

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