Volume 7, Issue 6 (3-2015)                   ijme 2015, 7(6): 49-58 | Back to browse issues page

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Jafarey S A, Araminia B, Fayaz-Bakhsh A. Human dignity: Criterion. ijme. 2015; 7 (6) :49-58
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5499-en.html
1- 1PhD Candidate in Philosophy of Religion Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- MD Researcher
3- 3Associate Professor Health Information Management Research Center, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , fayaz@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (3845 Views)
The criteria for human dignity are among the most important topics associated with the concept. Some related questions are what makes man worthy of dignity, and what properties make him more dignified than other creatures? Although biological classifications of species should be considered in humanities, research on dignity must focus on differences that are fundamental and separate humans from all other species. Morphological, genetic and communal differences cannot be the criteria for dignity, and behaviors are subject to individual outlooks. This manner of reasoning guided scholars to categorize humans on the basis of wisdom, but the author of the present article believes that wisdom cannot be the criterion for dignity. There is a degree of intelligence and wisdom in other creatures that is not sufficient to make a fundamental differentiating factor. Like other faculties, wisdom may be regarded as an instrument for a better life. The authors believes that the “authority” to choose (that is, free will) is the essential difference between humans and other creatures because the latter are driven only by their structures or needs. This authority enables people to choose between good and bad or desirable and undesirable, and shapes most human values. Consequently, this authority creates the basis for dignity and any given type of choice passes its value on to the chooser.
Full-Text [PDF 421 kb]   (1316 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: اخلاق پزشکی
Received: 2015/03/5 | Accepted: 2015/03/5 | Published: 2015/03/5

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