Volume 6, Number 1 (Vol 6, No 1, March 2013 2013)                   ijme 2013, 6(1): 23-36 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadeghi H, Nosratian Ahoor M. Subject analysis of death. ijme. 2013; 6 (1) :23-36
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5062-en.html

1- Associate Professor University of Quran & Hadith, Qom, Iran , sadeqi.hadi@gmail.com
2- 2 PhD Student University of Quran & Hadith, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (3994 Views)
Though there are different definitions for the word “mawt” (death), it seems that the most appropriate one would be the loss of power of the soul over the body, and that is when the soul is separated from the body. There are a variety of religious rulings for a human’s death in Islamic moral jurisprudence, and therefore it is necessary for a jurisprudent to have proper knowledge of the subject, reality, and the criterion for death and life. There are two main theories on the criterion for death and life from jurisprudential and moral perspectives. Some hold that everyone dies of cardiac arrest and others argue that man dies of brain death. It is also necessary to view the arguments presented by each group from jurisprudential and moral perspectives. Advocates of the theory of cardiac arrest support their view through the following reasons: authority of established practice in concept analysis, incumbency of guarding the protected soul, principle of caution regarding people’s lives, and principle of istishab. Authors of the present paper have attempted to provide a critical analysis of the above-mentioned arguments in this study. Advocates of the theory of brain death hold their view through the following reasons: the fetal heartbeat before the soul is breathed into it, possibility of cardiac transplantation and impossibility of brain transplantation, similarity between death and sleep, and signs and symptoms of death, among which two have been accepted: a) possibility of cardiac transplantation and impossibility of brain transplantation and b) signs and symptoms of death.
Full-Text [PDF 236 kb]   (1123 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2013/06/18 | Accepted: 2013/07/6 | Published: 2013/07/6

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