Volume 4, Number 2 (4-2011)                   ijme 2011, 4(2): 65-72 | Back to browse issues page


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Aghab Babaee N. Trolley dilemma and its implication in active and passive euthanasia. ijme. 2011; 4 (2) :65-72
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5054-en.html

, naseragha@gmail.com
Abstract:   (5425 Views)
Theologians describe the difference between active and passive euthanasia as in the former, we kill hopeless patients terribly suffering from an incurable disease and in the latter, and we let them die. The present research aimed at exploring for a solution to an ethical dilemma by which the difference between foundational concepts of the two types of euthanasia can be examined. Another objective of the study was to assess personal characteristics regarding this judgment. One hundred and five students were recruited, and in addition to reading the trolley problem and answering the related questions, they responded to a six-point scale self-assessment on morality and a short 20-point scale questionnaire on the five principle personality factors. Results showed that 83.8% of respondents found it immoral to kill one person in order to save 5 lives. Respondents' gender, religiousness and personality had no significant effect on their responses regarding the footbridge dilemma (P<0.05). Nonetheless, extroversion had an almost significant relationship (P=0.056, r=0.19). According to the results of the present study, the difference between "killing" and "letting die" is clear to most people, and they do not prefer killing even when there is more benefit than loss. Responses to the trolley problem were independent of personal characteristics, nonetheless, the quality of extroversion is suggested a as a potential determinant of agreement with active euthanasia.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing ethics
Received: 2013/06/17 | Accepted: 2013/07/13 | Published: 2013/07/13

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