Volume 5, Number 2 (4-2012)                   ijme 2012, 5(2): 24-31 | Back to browse issues page


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Behnammanesh S, Omani Samani R. Animal status in the history of philosophy and ethics. ijme. 2012; 5 (2) :24-31
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5041-en.html

1- MS Royan Institute, Tehran, Iran , behnammanesh@royaninstitute.org
2- Medical Ethics PhD student Medical Ethics and History of Medicine Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5096 Views)
Generally, when moral values and ethical principles are concerned, human beings are considered as the sole subject of these fields. It is then concluded that the only living creatures with some privileges and obligation towards their own bodies and also, towards their other human counterparts are humans. An emerging issue, particularly in the past recent three decades, has been the expansion of the ethical community to be inclusive of other living creatures, namely animals. Novel branches of science such as animal ethic are increasingly challenging the traditional view of ethics and aim to include animals in ethical community. In this article, a descriptive study and systematic review of literate was carried out on different aspects of animal ethics and the specific codes applicable to animals was studied in order to shed some light on the animal ethics and on what basis they are subjects to ethical considerations. As animals are proven to have the ability of perception and demonstrated to be able to feel and differentiate good and bad experiences, they are considered as being the subject of ethical considerations. Therefore, human beings should be responsible for their behavior towards animals in different aspects.
Full-Text [PDF 139 kb]   (1212 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: HIstory of Medicine
Received: 2013/06/15 | Accepted: 2013/10/14 | Published: 2013/10/14

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