Volume 5, Number 1 and 2 (3-2012)                   ijme 2012, 5(1 and 2): 51-61 | Back to browse issues page


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Namazi H. Philosophical foundations of benefit and harm in medical research. ijme. 2012; 5 (1 and 2) :51-61
URL: http://ijme.tums.ac.ir/article-1-134-en.html

, hr_namazi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3751 Views)
In medical etiquette and ethics, benefit and harm assessment includes risk evaluation, rational risk, distinction between medical and non medical utilitarian considerations, individual and community benefit ratio, and issues of the like. This article explores philosophical foundations of this issue. In philosophy, benefit/harm reduces to pleasure/pain and good/bad. Pleasure (spiritual and non-spiritual) is considered a subjective criterion for benefit, whereas applied ethics needs an objective criterion. To achieve such a criterion, we need a specific model for casuistry evaluation and a holistic and organic approach. This article advocates the public sphere model and presumes it is the missing link of ethical confusions and the solution to ethics lack of quantifiability. Public sphere sits between public authority and private sphere, and supervises them impartially. Benefit/harm evaluation components in medical research requires such sphere for clarity and distinction.
Full-Text [PDF 187 kb]   (1290 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research |
Accepted: 2013/06/9 | Published: 2013/07/23

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